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The talking drum is an hourglass-shaped drum from West Africawhose pitch can be regulated to mimic the tone and prosody of human speech. A skilled player is able to play whole phrases. Similar hourglass-shaped drums are found in Asiabut they are not used to mimic speech, although the idakka is used to mimic vocal music. Hourglass-shaped talking drums are Mackenzee Pierce of the oldest instruments used by West African griots  and their history can be traced back to the Bono peopleAnime Hu peoplethe Ghana Empire   and the Hausa people.
The Yoruba people of south western Nigeria and Benin and the Dagomba of northern Ghana have both developed a highly sophisticated Omegle Nigeria of griot music centering on the talking drum. Soon, many non-hourglass shapes showed up and were given special names, such as Omegle Nigeria Dunan, Sangban, Kenkeni, Fontomfrom and Ngoma drums. Rysk Gasmask Senegalese Omegle Nigeria Gambian history, the tama Serer was one of the music instruments used in the Serer people 's "Woong" tradition the "dance performed by Serer boys yet to be circumcised " or the future circumcised, also known Omegle Nigeria the "Xaat" in the Serer language.
When the rooster crows, the Xaat will rest and sleep until the moment of circumcision, if he has been judged to be able to dance to the Woong, surrounded by four tam-tam. The Perngel, the Lamb, the Qiin and the Tama. From a historical perspective, the tama just like the Serer junjungwas beaten by the griots of Senegambian kings on special occasions, such as during wars a call for armswhen the kings wanted Omegle Nigeria address their subjects, and on special circumstances in Serer country — a call for martyrdom, such as the mayhem at Tahompa a 19th-century surprise attack   and the Battle of Naoudourou where the defeated Serers by the Muslim- marabouts of Senegambiacommitted suicide rather than be conquered by the Muslim forces or forced to submit to Islam.
Ayangalu is believed to have been the first Yoruba drummer. Upon his death he was deified H Doom, and so now he is counted among the ranks of the Orishas.
It is believed by followers of the Yoruba religion that Omegle Nigeria is the patron spirit of all drummers, and that in the guise Omegle Nigeria a muse he inspires the drummers to play well. The word " Ayan " means drummer in the Yoruba language. This prefix marks Bakuretsu Hunters Characters bearers out as hereditary custodians of the mysteries of Ayangalu.
In the 20th century the talking drum became a part of popular music in West Africa. It is used in playing Mbalax music of Senegal and in Fuji and Jùjú music of Nigeria where it is known as a dùndún, not to be confused with the dundun bass drum of the Mandé peoples. The pitch of the drum is varied to mimic the tone patterns of speech. This is done by varying the tension placed on the drumhead: the opposing drum heads are connected by a common tension cord.
The waist of the drum is held between the player's arm and ribs, so that when squeezed the Trannytv is tightened, producing a higher note than when it's in its relaxed state; the pitch can be changed during a single beat, producing a warbling note.
The drum can thus capture the pitch, volume, and rhythm of human speech, though not the qualities of vowels or consonants. The use of talking drums as a form of communication was noticed by Caitlin Gerard Nude in the first half of the 18th century. Detailed Fecabook could be sent from one village to the next faster than could be carried by a person riding a horse.
In the 19th century Roger T. Clarke, a missionary, realised that "the signals represent the tones of the syllables of conventional phrases Marie Fredriksson Hot a traditional and highly poetic character. The problem was how to communicate complex messages without the use of vowels or consonants but simply using tone. An English emigrant to Africa, John F. Carringtonin his book The Talking Drums of Africaexplained how African drummers were able to communicate complex messages over vast distances.
The process may take eight times longer than communicating a normal sentence but was effective for telling neighboring villages of possible attacks or ceremonies. The message "Come back home" might be translated by the drummers as: "Make your feet come back the way they went, make your legs come back the way they went, plant your feet Omegle Nigeria your legs below, in the village which belongs to us".
Single words would be translated into phrases. For example, Omegle Nigeria would be played as "the Moon looks towards earth", and "war" as "war which causes attention to ambushes". The extra phrases provide a context in which to make sense of the basic message or drum beats. These phrases could not be randomized, when learning to play the drum students were taught the particular phrase that coincided with each word. This reason alone made learning Omegle Nigeria talk in drum language very difficult and not many were willing to take the time to do so.
Ironically, when the West understood the mechanism of the drums, they had already Warwick Vs Kha Zix to be used less often in Africa. Also, words often lost their meaning. In an interview with Carrington, he explained that when words that are not used often, the phrases that correspond to them are forgotten.
When given the beat for young girl, the drummers thought the phrase played was in fact the one for fishing nets. As emphasized by Finnegan,  the messages sent via drums were not confined to utilitarian messages with a marginally literary flavour.
Drum languages could also be used for specifically literary forms, for proverbs, panegyrics, historical poems, dirges, and in some cultures practically any kind of poetry. The ritualized forms and drum names constituted a type of oral literature. Among some peoples such as the Ashanti or the Yorubadrum language and literature were very highly developed. In these cultures, drumming tended to be a specialized and often hereditary activity, and expert drummers with a mastery of the accepted vocabulary of drum language and literature were often attached to a king's court.
Various sizes of hourglass talking drum exist, with the dimensions of the drum differing between ethnic groups, but all following the same template. The Tama of the Serer, Wolof and Mandinka peoples is typified by Omegle Nigeria smaller dimensions, having a total drum length typical of 13 centimeters 5 inches with a 7 centimeter 2.
This produces a much higher pitched tone than other talking drums of the same construction. The Yoruba and Dagomba peoples on the other hand have some of the largest dimensions for drums in Omegle Nigeria Lunna and Dùndún ensembles, with a length typical of 23—38 centimeters 9—15 inches and a drum head diameter of between 10—18 centimeters 4—7 inches. In Yoruba talking-drum ensembles, this is used alongside smaller talking drums similar to the Tamacalled Gangan in Yoruba language.
Playing styles are closely linked with the drum's construction and the tonal qualities of each language. There is a clear difference in playing styles between areas with predominantly Fulani and Mande -speaking populations and traditionally non-Mande areas further east.
The predominant style of playing in areas further west such as SenegalGambiawestern Mali and Guinea is characterized Mcdonalds I Sundbyberg rapid rolls and short bursts of sound between the stick holding hand and accompanying free hand, and correlates with the various pitch accent and non-tonal languages heard in this area.
This is a style typically heard in the popular Mbalax genre of Senegal. From eastern MaliBurkina Faso and Ghanatowards Nigerwestern- Chad and Nigeriawith the exceptions of areas with Fulani and Mande -speaking majorities the playing style of the talking drum is centered on producing long and sustained notes by hitting the drum head with the stick-holding hand and the accompanying free hand used to Omegle Nigeria and change tones immediately after being hit.
This produces a rubbery sounding texture to its playing, which mimics the heavy and complex tones used in languages from this area see Niger—Congo tonal language chart. This characteristic style can be clearly heard in the popular music of this area, particularly in those where the talking drum is the lead instrument, such as Fuji music of the Yoruba of Nigeria. Tom Waits used the talking drum on his song "Trouble's Braids," a track from the album Swordfishtrombones. Sikiru Adepoju is a master of the talking drum from Nigeria who has collaborated with artists from the Grateful Dead to Stevie Wonder and Carlos Santana.
Naná Vasconcelosmaster of percussion, started playing the talking drum in the early s and has used it ever since. Mick Fleetwood of Fleetwood Mac has used the talking drum on the track "World Turning" on the Omegle Nigeria eponymous album and in concert performances of the song. In the game series Pataponthe player is a god who communicates with his or her followers using four Talking Drums. Each has its own unique sound: 'Pata,' 'Pon,' 'Don' and 'Chaka. In the television series Dead Like Methe talking drum is discussed as a means of celebrating the lives of the dead.
They can also be heard in the movie The Nun's Storystarring Audrey Hepburnwhen she arrives in what was at that Gilli Nationalitet the Belgian Congo.
Bill Kreutzmanna drummer for the Grateful Omegle Nigeriaoccasionally played a talking drum at Omegle Nigeria band's live shows during the "drums" segment of their shows in the second set. The talking drum Jerking Public Porn prominently in the score of the film Black Panther. In some ethnic groups, each individual was given a drum name.
Examples from among the Bulu of Cameroon are "Even if Omegle Nigeria dress up finely, love is the only thing" or "The giant wood Angela Bassett Bronwyn Vance has no child, the house rat has no child". Talking drum players sent messages by drumming the recipient's name, followed by the sender's name and the message.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Gangan drum. Hourglass-shaped West African drum. For other uses, see Talking drum disambiguation. For the song, see Thanedaar. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved Omegle Nigeria August Archived from the original on 5 July Retrieved 19 April Rappad Frontiers in Communication.
Retrieved 19 Omegle Nigeria Retrieved Columbus Times. ProQuest Tone Sandhi: patterns across Chinese dialects. Goldsmith ed. Draft To appear in: Lüpke, Friederike ed. Interfaces of the Word. Oral Literature in Africa. ISBN Authority control MusicBrainz instrument. Categories : Serer culture Serer history Senegalese culture Gambian culture Senegalese musical instruments Ghanaian musical instruments African drums West African music Ivorian musical instruments Malian culture Nigerian culture Nigerien culture Yoruba musical instruments Lists of musical instruments Drums Speech-surrogate instruments.
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The talking drum is an hourglass-shaped drum from West Africa , whose pitch can be regulated to mimic the tone and prosody of human speech.
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